Binge drinking means imbibing large amount of alcohol in a short span of time. According to researchers, if a man drinks more than eight units in a single session and woman drinks more than six shots in one go, then it is known as binge drinking. However this is not applicable to every person as every person has different capacity and tolerance power. Binge drinking is more risky in unacquainted social environment. As binge drinking allow you to easily lose your control and make you more vulnerable to the uninvited circumstances. Binge drinking is done purposively to get intoxicated in short period of time by consuming large amount of alcohol.
Short term effects of Binge Drinking
The most harmful effect of binge drinking is alcohol poisoning. The more amount of alcohol goes in the body, more reflexes will be affected. Reflexes may include pharyngeal as well as breathing reflexes. Pharyngeal reflex is helpful in preventing choking. Thus if these reflexes get impaired with the effect of alcohol, then it can lead to life threatening situations. The other physical effects that one will be likely to experience after binge drinking are:
- Self-injury or injury to others
- Alcohol poisoning.
- Muscle coordination is lost
- Vision get impaired leading to double or blurred vision
- Body temperature gets drop
- Judgement gets impaired leading to lack in power of making any decision.
Among youth, alcohol contributes as major reason of death. Youth put themselves in more risky situations like driving the car and become the victims of accidents and violence.
Long term effects of Binge Drinking
Binge drinking also poses long term effects besides short term effects. These effects are as following:
Binge drinking leads to following effects on brain in long term:
- Impaired development of brain leading to defect in brain structures
- Impaired functioning of brain like impaired memory, loss of concentration, loss of skills like reasoning or visuo-spatial skills
Cardio vascular damage
Binge drinking leads to following effects on heart in long term:
- Irregularities in heart beat rhythm
- Increase in Blood pressure
- Disorders related to heart muscle
- High risk of getting heart attack
Digestive system disorder
Binge drinking has many adverse effects on digestive system as it is the first place where the large amount of alcohol travels in short period of time. The following are the effects on digestive system:
- Formation of peptic ulcers in small intestine
- Inflammation of gastric epithelium leading to gastritis
- It can also lead to stomach cancer
Liver functions are adversely affected by binge drinking as follows
- Liver cirrhosis: it is the condition in which liver cells stop functioning leading to fatty liver
- Hepatitis: the symptoms include swollen liver, jaundice, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting etc.
It includes mental disturbances like:
Binge drinking also affects sexual functions as follows:
- Hormonal change leading to low level of testosterone
- Erectile dysfunction
- Decrease sperm growth
- Infertility in women