Effects of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse

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There is no doubt in it that consumption of alcohol can lead to major and serious health problems. Consumption of alcohol or alcohol abuse can be linked to more than 50 diseases according to researchers. Liver cirrhosis, cardiac problems, injuries due to accidents is only few health risks to be named, but the problem is graver.


Here are some of the most common effects of alcoholism and alcohol abuse:

  1. Anaemia

Anaemia is defined as condition in which there is low level of red blood cells in the body. The condition can be developed due to heavy drinking. The most common symptoms of anaemia are fatigue, light headedness and breath shortness. This leads to decrease oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood from heart to other organs, thus aggravating he health risks to the body.

  1. Cirrhosis of liver

This is one of the most common health complications caused by alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Liver cells get toxicated by alcohol. Thus, leading to the lethal condition in which liver cells are unable to function, due to heavy scarring, termed as cirrhosis.  Women are more vulnerable to the development of cirrhosis due to heavy drinking as compare to men. Among all heavy drinkers, 70% people develop this condition.

  1. Cardiovascular diseases

Alcohol makes the blood cells especially platelets to clump all together to form clots in the blood, which further leads to stroke or heart attack. The risk among patients increases who have survived the first heart attack and are chronic drinkers.

Cardiomyopathy is another condition caused by heavy drinking. It is the deadly condition which shows the sign of abnormalities in heart rhythm and weakening of heart muscles and eventually failing of heart muscles.

  1. Cancer

Chronic drinking also increases the risk of cancer as acetaldehyde produced by the body, after conversion of alcohol, is a potent carcinogen. The most common sites for cancer due to alcohol are mouth, oesophagus, larynx, breast, liver and colorectal part. The risk increases if tobacco is also consumed along with alcohol.

  1. Depression

Depression and drinking go hand in hand. It will always remain a debate that who comes earlier. Sometimes depressed people take help of alcohol to get over their sorrows and its other way around as well that chronic drinkers eventually get into depression due to many physical as well as external factors.

  1. Memory loss

In medical term, we feature it under the term Dementia. Alcoholism and alcohol abuse has great effect on the brain activities. Chronic drinkers lose their ability to think, plan and do judgement in their daily lives. Also heavy drinking also lead to nutritional deficiencies which further aggravate the condition termed as Dementia.

  1. Seizures

Heavy drinking leads to epilepsy and can cause episodes of seizures even in those chronic drinkers who are not epileptic.Alcohol also interferes in the course of action of the medicines given to treat epilepsy.

  1. Gout

Gout is a condition in which there is uric acid crystals formation in the joints. It is very painful condition. Though genes and dietary factors are largely responsible for the development of this condition but alcohol can aggravate the condition.