Metronidazole and Alcohol

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56Metronidazole is a type of antibiotic which is used commonly to treat a lot of bacterial infections of various varieties. It is very often sold under the brand name of Flagyl. The common prescription is in the oral (tablet) form, and availability is also there in vaginal forms along with being a topical kind of cream. As is the case of most of the medications, the combination of alcohol and Metronidazole is actually a bad one.

Metronidazole and alcohol

Alcohol is widely related to various kinds of health issues, but consumption in moderate amounts is harmless or causes minimal harm to the body. When a combination of Metronidazole is being taken along with alcohol one might experience:

  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Cramps
  • Nausea accompanied by vomit
  • Reddening of the face
  • Some amount of headaches

As the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends, alcohol consumption within 24 hours of consuming Metronidazole considerably increases a person’s risk of the further side effects. There are potential side-effects that can be life threatening in nature that might include:

  • Changes that are considerable in blood pressure
  • Rapid changes in heart rate. A considerable increase supposed
  • Damage to the liver

Alcohol consumption in moderate amounts is considered safe and is considered healthy and a less harmful way but only if there is allowance from the doctor. Normally, drinking isn’t recommended while a person is on medications but moderate drinking means:

  • For men, 2 drinks in one day
  • For women, a drink in one day
  • For the elderly, a drink in a day

Reactions like Disulfiram

That consists of proved evidence that if alcohol and Metronidazole are taken together, there may be a result causing disulfiram-like reactions in the body. Disulfiram is used for treatment of alcoholism, to treat alcohol dependence to be more specific. It is working by the means of a metabolic change in the body, thereby causing further and unpleasant side effects. It serves the purpose of making alcohol undesired. The most common side effect is flushing, and a severe side effect is a sudden decrease in present blood pressure. So, the possibility, that one might experience severe and not so comfortable reactions inside of the body makes it obvious that one should avoid drinking while on metronidazole.

The ill effects of this combination might begin within 10 minutes of consumption of alcohol that may further last for a few minutes to a several hours.  Metronidazole is thought to have an effect on the liver to inhibit its metabolism of the propylene glycol. When taken with alcohol, the effect worsens as alcohol itself has an ill effect on the liver. Even the use of some of the products that are topical in nature and have the presence of metronidazole are harmful in a way when consumed with alcohol.

The person’s doctor might need or might want to run some blood tests in order to alter the medications in any of the above-mentioned cases. As advised, a person must abstain from alcohol for three days after finishing the course of the medication of metronidazole.