Types of Alcohol

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An alcoholic beverage is a drink that contains 3% to 40% alcohol. Alcoholic beverages are divided into three categories namely beers, wines, and spirits. The Global Alcohol Beverages industry is exceedingly expected a $1 trillion rise in the year 2014.

Types of alcohol

Wine

An alcoholic beverage made by fermentation of grapes or some other kind of fruits. It is because of the natural balance of chemicals of the grapes that they ferment without external additives like sugars, acids, enzymes or other different kinds of nutrients. The yeast consumption of sugars in the grapes helps in the conversion into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Different varieties of grapes produce different taste and different styles of wines. Wines made from products besides grapes are usually named  after the product. For example rice wine, pomegranate wine, apple wine and so on. But generally there are called fruit wines.

Beer

Beer is another alcoholic beverage made from grain mash. The production of the beer is being done by the process of saccharification of starch and the resulting sugar’s fermentation. The enzymes for the process are mainly derived from malted cereal grains, commonly from malted barley and wheat (malted). Most of the beer also includes flavoring with hops, by that adding bitterness and acting as a natural preservative. There might be other flavorings like that of herbs or fruits might be occasionally included. The whole process of beer making is known as brewing.

Beer is the world’s most consumed alcoholic beverage. It is also the third most popular drink if accounted for overall rankings, falling behind water and tea. Sometimes it is also thought to be the oldest fermented beverage of the world.

Draught beer is the most common method of serving beer from a pressurized keg. A metal keg is pressurized with the help of carbon dioxide gas, thus driving the beer to the dispensive faucet. Many beers are also served with nitrogen and carbon dioxide mixture. Nitrogen is helpful in the production of fine bubbles, which further results in a dense head and a creamy feeling in the mouth. Normally glass bottles are used to contain and preserve beers. But alongside glass bottles beer is also served within the cans. While pouring beer into the glass, it is recommended that the beer be poured slowly.

Cider

Cider is another alcoholic beverage made from the unfiltered juice of the apples by the process of fermentation. The alcohol content varies from 1.2% to 8.5% and 3.5% to 12% in the continental ciders. Apples grown for consumption are the most suitable for the making of cider. Some of the regional cider-makers also prefer a mixture of eating and cider apples. There are hundreds of varieties which are developed for making of ciders. Once the apples are collected from orchards they are scratted or the ground down.  The pulp is then finally pressed and built in layers called as cheeses.

 Spirits (Distilled beverages)

A distilled beverage is an alcoholic beverage produced by distillation process of the mixture produced from an alcoholic fermentation, for example, wine. This process purifies it and further removes more diluting components like water, which is solely for the purpose of increasing the alcohol content proportion.

Some examples of spirits are vodka, gin, tequila, singani, rum, whiskey, soju, brandy and palinka.

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